Stem cell therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that uses natural stem cells from the body to treat or prevent a condition or disease. But what are the different types of stem cells, and how are they used?
Let’s break them down.
Types of Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells
Embryonic stem cells are derived from human embryos that are three to five days old in a process known as in-vitro fertilization. While most people associate this type of stem cell with female pregnancy, embryonic stem cells can also be used to treat cancer, heart disease, blood disorders, and more.
Emryonic stem cells are known as “pluripotent stem cells,” meaning they can give rise to any other type of cell in the body.
Non-Embryonic Stem Cells
Just as embryonic stem cells are infant cells, non-embryonic stem cells represent matured, adult stem cells. However, that’s not to say that this type of stem cells are only found in adults. Children and infants also have non-embryonic stem cells.
While embryonic stem cells can be used to create new cells for almost any other parts of the body, non-embryonic stem cells come from already-developed organs and tissue, and can only be used to repair the same area in which they’re found.
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are non-embryonic stem cells that have been turned back into embryonic stem cells.
Cord Blood Stem Cells and Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells
Cord blood stem cells can be taken from the umbilical cord after childbirth and frozen in a cell bank for future use. This type of stem cell has been effective in treating children with certain blood cancers and blood disorders.
Amniotic fluid, which is the fluid that surrounds a baby in the womb, also contains stem cells. Further testing and research is still needed to determine how to safely and effectively utilize amniotic fluid stem cells.
How Are Stem Cells Used?
Stem cells can be used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions such as:
- Heart disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Spinal cord injuries
- Juvenile diabetes
- Bone marrow transplants
- Injuries to the bone, skin, or eye
- Severe burns
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Hearing loss
- Huntingdon’s disease
Schedule a Free Consultation at Dynamic Health
If you think you may benefit from stem cell therapy, schedule a free consultation with our team today so we may discuss your health care needs and if stem cell therapy may be a good fit for you. You may also use the online chat feature on our website or call us.